Monterey History “They Followed Serra” part 1

(by Gary Carlsen, from a column written for the MoCoGenSo Newsletter from 1997-1999).

From Serra’s landing and first mass at Monterey in 1770, to Anza’s expedition in 1776, Mexico’s independence form Spain in 1822, the raising of the American flag at the Custom House in 1846, and the formation of Monterey County in 1850, much has been written about California’s early history, and it’s first capitol Monterey.

Many articles and books have been written about Juan Bautista Anza’s expedition for the settlement of Alta California in 1776, and most have credited him as leading the first expedition of settlers into Alta. Most readers are unaware that his expedition was really the third into Alta, following the first by Portola, and a little known second expedition two years earlier. Portola’s contained no women or children only soldiers, and craftsman to begin the establishment of the many presidio garrisons.

The second expedition into Alta, and the first to contain not only soldiers, but there wives and children was formed in March of 1774 in Loreta, Baja, California. A group of fifty one individuals was recruited by Don Fernando Xavier de Rivera y Moncada, who was on his way to replace Governor Fages as commander of Alta California at Monterey. The group containing twelve families, and soldiers from Sinaloa left Loreta for their journey north, and arrived in San Diego on September 19, 1774. From here they traveled north arriving at the mission at San Luis Obispo in November, where a very historic event would take place.

A few days prior to their arrival, at an area known as “Oso Flaco”, south of San Luis Obispo a son was born to Felipe Santiago Garcia, a Spanish soldier in the group, and his wife Petra Alcantara Lugo. Juan Joseph Garcia was baptized on the 11th of November 1774, and became the first native son born to Spanish parents in Alta California. His baptism was officially recorded in the Mission San Luis Obispo records by Fr. Pablo Mugartegui.

The expedition would arrive in Monterey in late November of that same year, and from there would begin to help establish California, and Monterey as we know it today. While some members of this expedition would go on to help settle other areas of Alta California many descendants still reside in Monterey to this day.

Members of this expedition have been taken from several entries and writings, by numerous individuals listed below, and included the following:

Captain Don Fernando Xavier de Rivera y Moncada, who led the expedition from Loreta to San Diego.

Lieutenant Joseph Francisco de Ortega commandant of San Diego who went with the group to Monterey.

Joaquin Beltran, and Ignacio Vincente Ferrer Vallejo Spanish soldiers, the latter of which would go on to marry Maria Antonia Isabella Lugo the second child born to Francisco Lugo and Juana Rita Martinez after their arrival in Alta.. It has been stated that Ignacio assisted in her birth, and when her father offered to pay him he refused, but did ask for her hand in marriage when she became of age. The couple did marry in 1791 at he Mission Santa Barbara, and went on to produce thirteen children, one of which was General Mariano de Guadalupe Vallego.

Jose Antonio Buelina a Spanish soldier who would later marry Maria Antonia Tapai a child in the Anza expedition of 1776, and would become the father of seven children.

Jose Manuel Antuna, soldier his wife Juana Gertrudis Serna, and their daughter Balbanera.

Cayetano Espinosa soldier, his wife Serafina Lugo sister of Petra Alcantara Lugo, and their seven sons, Antonio, Salvador Manuel, Jose Joaquin, Jose Tomas, Jose Gabriel, Jose Cayetano, and Miguel all of which became Spanish soldier’s later in their lives.

Bernardo Heredia soldier and his wife Nicolasa Elizalde, whose daughter Maria Josefa would be the first Spanish child born and baptized at the Mission San Carlos at Monterey.

Justo Nazario soldier, his wife Micaela Sotelo, and their son Joseph Miguel. This couple would go on to have four more children after their arrival.

Jose Tadeo Sanchez soldier, his wife Petra Montiel, and their daughter Antonia. Eight more children were born to the couple after their arrival in Monterey.

Francisco Lugo soldier a brother of Petra Alcantara Lugo, his wife Juana Rita Martinez, two sons Salvador and Jose Antonio, and two daughters Tomasa and Rosa. Tomasa would later marry Captain Raimundo Carrillo, and Rosa would marry Alferez Cota. Francisco and Juana would eventually settle in the Los Angeles area and produce five more children.

Jose Manuel Higuera soldier, his wife Antonia Limon Redondo, and their two sons Jose Manuel and Jose Faustino. Seven more children would eventually be born to this couple.

Francisco Xavier Beltran, possibly a brother to Joaquin Beltran, and his wife Maria Gertrudis Lugo another sister of Petra Lugo who would adopt two children following their arrival.

Felipe Santiago Garcia and Petra Alcantara Lugo mentioned earlier would go on to produce nineteen more children in the next twenty five years following their arrival at Monterey.

Information on the three remaining families has not been located, and anyone knowing of them or having information they would like to share would be gladly accepted. This article has not been an attempt to discredit any of the early pioneers into California, but merely to clear up one of the many unknown phases of our great states history.

Sources:

Marie Northrup, Spanish Mexican Families of Early California Vol I
Antonio Nakayama, Pioneros Sinaloenses En California
Antonio Nakayama, California Pioneers From Sinaloa Mexico, University of Pacific
Augusta Fink, Monterey The Present and the Past
Dorothy Gittenger Mutnick, Some Alta California Pioneers and Descendants
Antonio Isaac Bonilla, Garcia Hechos and Other Garcia Papers
Herbert Hubert Bancroft, California Pioneer Register and Index

FELIPE SANTIAGO GARCIA

1748 Birth: Taken from baptism records of children, shown as Natural of Villa de Sinaloa. Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes.

1773 Marriage: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I.

1774 Feb: Spanish soldier recruited by Capt. Rivera at Sinaloa for expedition to Alta California, arrived at San Diego Sep 1774, Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes.

1774 Nov: First child baptized at Mission San Luis Obispo, born shortly before at Oso Flaco, Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes. Mission San Luis Obispo Baptisms entry # 86.

1774 Nov: Arrived at Monterey with expedition, wife and one child, Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes.

1774-1781: Served at Monterey, Mission San Carlos Baptism Records of six children.

1783-1786: Served at Mission San Antonio, Mission San Antonio Baptism records of three children.

1787-1791: Served at San Gabriel, Mission San Gabriel Baptism Records of three children. 1790 Mission Census Los Angeles with wife Petra and 10 children.

1794-1797: Served at Santa Barbara, Mission Santa Barbara Baptism Records of three children.

1799-1802: Returned to Monterey, Mission San Carlos Baptism Records of three children.

1804 Garrison Census: Listed as Vecinos Agregados at Monterey with wife and eight children.

1822 Death: Listed as retired soldier of Monterey Company, and widower of Petra de Alcantara del Rincon, Mission San Carlos Death records entry #2428.

1822 Burial: See above note. Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I.

PETRA JOAQUINA ALACANTRA LUGO

1756 Birth: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Baptismal records of children show natural Villa de Sinaloa.

1773 Marriage: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I.

1774: Left Sinaloa with husband as members of Capt Riveras expedition to Alta California. First child born at Oso Flaco, and baptized at Mission San Luis Obispo in Nov, arrived Monterey with husband and child. Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Mission San Luis Obispo Baptisms entry #86.

1804 Garrison Census: Listed with husband and eight children at Monterey.

1817 Death: Mission San Carlos Deaths entry #2225 wife of Felipe Santiago Garcia of Villa de Sinaloa.

1817 Burial: Mission San Carlos Deaths entry #2225 wife of Felipe Santiago Garcia of Villa de Sinaloa.


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